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Activate Tableau Server Offline - Adding a License

Log in to Tableau Services Manager

Before you can proceed you must log in to Tableau Services Manager (TSM).

To log in to TSM, run the following command:

What if I can't log in?

Verify that the account you are using is a member of the Local Administrators group on the Windows computer where you are installing Tableau Server.

Step 1 - Generate an offline activation request file

  1. On the initial node, open a command prompt as administrator.

  2. Type this command to get your offline activation file: 

    You can get your product key from the Tableau Customer Portal(Link opens in a new window). The target directory must already exist.

  3. Copy the offline activation file () from the target directory to a computer that has internet access.

Step 2 - Upload the offline activation request to Tableau

  1. On the computer that has internet access, go to the Tableau Product Activations(Link opens in a new window) page.

  2. Complete the instructions to upload your file.

    This creates an activation file, .

  3. Download the resulting activation file from Tableau.

Step 3 - Initialize or activate your license

  1. Copy the activation file () to a location accessible from your Tableau Server computer.

  2. Run the following command: 

    tsm licenses activate -f <path-and-activation-file>
  3. (Skip this step if you are installing Tableau Server for the first time.) 

    Restart the server for licensing changes to take effect: 

    tsm restart

First time license activation

If this is the first Tableau license activated on the computer, you will see this message:

Your license has been initialized. To complete the activation, we need one more exchange. Generate and send to Tableau a second activation request file.

Repeat steps 1 through 3 above to activate your license. You need to generate a second file, upload it to Tableau, and download the resulting file, then use that file to activate your license.

If you are not sure whether you need to repeat the steps, you can run this command:

tsm licenses list

If you see a message like this one you need to repeat the steps above:

No licenses are currently activated.

Subsequent license activation

If this is not the first Tableau license activated on the computer, or if you have completed the steps above two times, you should see a success message:

Activation successful.

Tableau Server is activated. If you need additional assistance, contact Tableau Technical Support(Link opens in a new window).

Источник: https://help.tableau.com/current/server/en-us/activate_off.htm

Far Cry 6 Wiki Guide

This page of the IGN Far Cry 6 guide contains a complete walkthrough of the El Este mission; Room Service.

Room Service

This operation can be picked up from Yelena Morales in the La Moral hideout in Concepcion, El Este.

NOTE: To unlock this Operation, you must have completed Bullet Points.

Reach The Grand Hotel Caballero

Speak to Yelena and she will inform you that one of the members has been caught by Castillo’s top interrogator, and that the member will likely crack under pressure. They need to be rescued before that happens.

They are currently being held at the Gran Hotel Caballero, which is northwest of Concepcion, El Este. Yelena will also mention that a nearby truck is heading to the hotel from the Delivery Yards, if you want to sneak in.

To reach the truck, exit the hideout and walk to the far side of the courtyard, then turn left and duck through the broken wall.

Keep moving straight ahead after you move through, then use the stack of boxes to reach the roof, where you’ll find a zipline.

Take the zipline across the street and keep walking straight ahead to reach the driver and his truck. Hop inside and he’ll close you in and start driving.

After a short while, they’ll stop at a checkpoint, so have your weapon ready. They’ll ask to open the back of the truck, so take out the guard and hop back inside the truck to continue.

Once you arrive at the hotel, hop out of the truck and your companions will run into the building.

Stop The Interrogation

NOTE: Once the upcoming combat encounter is over, you’ll be back in Concepcion, so pick up any loot you want (including FND Crates) before starting the fight, or at least before killing the final enemy.

There are several ways to get a better look at the area, and scope out some enemy locations, but you can also stop the interrogation incredibly fast several ways.

Being seen by the soldiers stationed here will immediately bring an end to the interrogation and initiate a firefight, but we can get an angle on The Dentist first.

NOTE: There is a key on the lobby reception desk that opens the door right next to it, leading to an FND Crate, and climbing up to the next floor up allows you to read notes that reveal the locations of even more FND Crates. You can also check out our Interactive Map of Yara for more locations, as well as our page which contains the locations of all the FND or Libertad Crates.

Run straight ahead and you’ll see a soldier, facing away from you on the other side of a hallway. Turn left and look up to the roof and you’ll see a grapple point, which leads to an ideal sniping spot.

Once you are on the roof, look down into the pool to find The Dentist and her captive. If you want to make the impending firefight a bit easier, feel free to take out the enemies on the periphery with suppressed rifle rounds.

When you are ready to jump into the action, take The Dentist out with a headshot from a powerful sniping weapon like the Bullseye bow.

With The Dentist dead, the firefight will begin in earnest. Using the Triador Supremo and La Varita is an excellent way to clear out the rest of the enemies in the area, who are all relatively weak, particularly with the assistance of your two companions and your Amigo.

Once they are all dead, the base will be captured for La Moral, bringing an end to the operation and transporting you back to Concepcion.

In This Wiki Guide

Far Cry 6
Far Cry 6 thrusts players into the adrenaline-filled world of a modern-day guerrilla revolution. As dictator of Yara, Anton Castillo is intent on restoring his nation back to its former glory by any means, with his son, Diego, following in his bloody footsteps. Become a guerrilla fighter and burn their regime to the ground.
Источник: https://www.ign.com/wikis/far-cry-6/Room_Service

Problems with your phone? Here are the most common causes

YOUR SMARTPHONE IS an incredibly advanced and powerful device, but it’s also expensive and fragile. It can end up freezing or slowing down, and in other cases, it can break for a variety of reasons.

You can take a few measures to ensure this doesn’t happen and even if it does, all is not lost.

Your phone slows down/freezes

Cause: A few things. The most common cause is an unresponsive app which is taking up more memory than expected. Another possible reason is the age of your phone’s hardware. The older it is, the more likely it will slow down as it copes with more advanced OS and apps.

Ways to help: There are a few things you can do. If an app is the cause of the problem, closing it – bringing up recents apps by double pressing the home button or pressing recents button – can help free up some memory.

Clearing your phone’s cache and memory data can also help.

If your phone is practically unusable, Android devices have a safe mode option – hold down the power button and then hold down on turn off phone when it appears on screen – which can help you remove any apps that are causing it.

If that doesn’t work, force-reset your phone by holding down the power button and home button/volume up button.

In the worst case scenario, you could perform a factory reset which will restore your phone to its original settings, but make sure you have your data backed up first before progressing.

How to prevent: No technology is perfect and even new devices might end up freezing every now and again. The only thing is to keep an eye on is if one specific app or a few are causing the problem – removing them or other unimportant apps can help matters.

TEC-Digital Life-Gift Guide-Cheaper Android Phones Source: Richard Drew/Press Association Images

Your screen is cracked

Cause: As it may imply, dropping it or hitting it against an object can cause the screen to crack. How bad the damage is dependent on things like force, height dropped and other factors.

Not only is a cracked screen annoying to look at, it also allows dust to get in, making it even harder to see what’s happening on screen.

Ways to help: Assuming the crack is enough to affect your usage of it, you will have to get it repaired.

While you could attempt to repair it yourself - there are detailed guides like iFixIt that you can rely on - it’s only recommended if you know what you’re doing. Bring it to a repair shop but make sure it’s password protected before you hand it over.

If it’s not a state of the art phone, you could just use an older or different phone for the time being. Asking friends or family members to loan one for a few weeks (or indefinitely) is always worth a shot. Just remember that you may need to unlock it as most phones are tied down to one network.

Worst case scenario, you could just buy a new phone or get an upgrade if you’re eligible.

How to prevent: Apart from the obvious advice of “don’t drop it”, buying a protective case with a raised lip can help matters. An extra layer of protection will make it bulkier so make sure it’s a cover you can properly grip.

Screen protectors can also be useful if your main concern is scratches, but they won’t protect it if you drop it from a height. If you put it in your pocket, don’t put it with your keys or other objects that could leave scratches.

Also, using common sense helps. Make sure you always have a firm grip when using it, don’t place it in your back pocket as you will likely forget it when you sit down.

Apple-Banged-Up Phones Source: Ben Margot/Press Association Images

You dropped your phone in water 

Cause: You accidentally dropped it into the sink, bath, toilet, orglass of water. More devices may now boast water resistance but they’re not quite commonplace yet.

Ways to help: The first thing to do is to take it out as quickly as possible and turn it off. Keeping it on will cause it to short circuit, which will require you to get a new phone. Take out any removable features – SIM, battery, SD card – and wipe away any water on the surface with kitchen towel.

From there, you have a few options. Most people say putting it in dry, uncooked rice – a trick older than the Nokia 3210 – and leaving it there for 24 hours is the best way, but in fact uncooked rice is bad at absorbing moisture.

Instead, go for silica gel – the tiny packets you find in packaged goods like shoes, or electronics, – which can absorb moisture. It’s worth mentioning that some types of cat litter use silica gel but check first before buying.

If you don’t have that, the next best option is to leave it sitting in an open space like a table or counter top and let it dry naturally. Leave it for a few days before turning it on.

Just be aware that even if you take all of these measures, it may not save your phone or it could begin to malfunction a few days later. If so, you may have to replace it.

How to prevent: More smartphones are adding water resistance to the list of features they offer so always check for that first. Regardless of what a maker claims, you should always look for the IP rating of a phone so you know how resistant it is.

If you don’t have that, you can start prepping for such a situation by hoarding silica gel packets. Put them into an air-tight container so the next time you have a wet phone, you can drop it in and let it dry for a few days.

TEC-Samsung-Water-Resistant Phone Source: Richard Drew/Press Association Images

There are scratches on your camera lens

Cause: Much like a screen, you notice scratches on your camera lens. Alternatively, you could notice tiny dots on any image you take.

Ways to help: Much like your screen, tiny scratches aren’t the end of the world. In fact, it’s unlikely faint scratches will affect the quality of your photo. The reason for that is because your image sensor is the important part of your phone’s camera, not the lens. For normal scenes where nothing is in focus, it’s unlikely you would notice them unless you narrow your aperture (focusing on an object by blurring the background).

If you see tiny dots on your images, that is dust on your image sensor. Unlike scratches, this would be more noticeable when you narrow your camera’s aperture and would be most apparent in bright skies.

If it’s really bad, you can get the camera lens replaced but for the majority of cases, you can continue shooting like normal. Take a few photos in different lighting conditions to check and see how noticeable the effects are.

How to prevent: The same principles you use to avoid scratches on your screen apply here. Keep it away from sharper objects like keys, use a case if you’re prone to dropping it and always make sure you’re holding it correctly.

Arsenal v Chelsea - Barclays Premier League - Emirates Stadium Source: Mike Egerton/EMPICS Sport

Your phone is lost/has been stolen

Cause: You misplaced it or it was pick-pocketed or stolen. Either way, you’re without a phone.

Ways to help: If you’ve lost it, then Find my Phone is the best thing to do. Not only will it give you the general location, but you can ring it or wipe out data remotely.

If you feel it’s been stolen, then Find my Phone might not be of much use to you as an app might not be seen as sufficient evidence to get a search warrant.

How to prevent: Activating Find my Phone is the first step you should take. Even if you can’t recover it, you can still remove all data from your phone remotely. Also ringing it can alert other people to its presence so you can find it.

Read: Irish scientists mix silly putty with graphene to create ultra-sensitive health sensors >

Read: Text messages are on the way out – but we’re eating up huge amounts of data >

Источник: https://www.thejournal.ie/phone-problems-solutions-3129842-Jan2017/

WhiteSource Server Release Notes

These release notes are for the WhiteSource cloud solution, and do not apply to the on-premises solution that has its own release notes. Click hereto view known issues.

Additionally, we suggest you stay informed by regularly checking the Notices page.

NOTES:

  • Release notes are subject to change until the actual release date. Note that WhiteSource reserves the right to postpone the release of this page for up to and including 48 hours after the version’s actual release.

  • This page is "dynamic" and is subject to change between official releases. WhiteSource reserves the right to modify this page retroactively. Check this page periodically between official releases to ensure you are up-to-date with all hotfixes, changes and additions to WhiteSource's products.

IMPORTANT

Beginning in version 21.3.2, WhiteSource will be modifying the various topics, plus the overall structure, of the documentation. This includes editing and condensing the existing content (therefore archiving certain topics) for better usability, removing unnecessary and/or duplicate content, and restructuring the topic hierarchy for a logical flow. Since this project will be a “work in progress” for an unspecified amount of time, WhiteSource apologizes in advance for any inconvenience this might cause.

New Features and Updates

Unified Agent

  • The Dockerized Unified Agent was updated to the latest version which includes support for Conda.

  • The option to upload a zipped offline request for a scanned project is now supported.

Jira Server & Jira Cloud Plugins

In the Advanced Settings of the Jira Server and Jira Cloud Plugins' configuration page, you can now choose whether or not to ignore alerts for issues that are closed.

Resolved Issues

  • For organizations in Vulnerability-Based Alerts mode, the Containers Dashboard would show incorrect data.

  • In some cases, the Vulnerabilities Report for the different scopes failed to generate or returned an empty response.

  • Notification emails for new alerts were sometimes sent when no new alerts were created.

  • For some API calls, the response JSON returned incorrect charset encoding.

  • A duplicate key in the projectSecurityVulnerability resulted in incorrect alerts displayed for the project.

  • In some cases, alerts were not removed after recalculating In-House rules.

  • The Unified Agent failed to calculate the SHA-1 of NPM packages residing at the local workspace.

  • Building the Dockerized Unified Agent resulted in errors.

  • When Essentials users were using the Azure DevOps Services extension, the Organization Settings page would not be displayed.

  • After an extension was uninstalled from the Azure DevOps Services, subsequent installation and on-boarding of the services extension would fail when the organization was inactive.

  • After removing a Bolt extension from the Azure DevOps Services, the WhiteSource Organization would be deactivated.

Documentation

A new topic Getting Started with WhiteSource was published in the User Guide. This topic is designed to help users navigate the main WhiteSource GUI dashboard and menu options, in order to get up and running quickly with WhiteSource. It provides an overview of the options that users can access from the menu bar at the top of the WhiteSource Home page.

New Features and Updates

Unified Agent

  • The Unified Agent now supports Yarn 3.

  • Excluding Docker layers from the Unified Agent’s scan is now available in Beta status via the docker.excludeLayersByLabelconfiguration parameter. 

Jira Server & Jira Cloud Plugins

  • Links to the WhiteSource policy and library are now added to the Jira tickets.

Resolved Issues

  • The dependencies of the docker layer would not reflect the project in the UI.

Notices

Improvements to the Azure DevOps integration will be introduced in release 21.11.1. The open-source risk report will be retained as part of the pipeline build, allowing build history auditing, faster report retrieval, and better user experience.

Documentation

  • New documentation was published for Linux Distributions Vulnerabilities Detection. See here.

  • The main API page HTTP API v1.3 was updated.

Resolved Issues

  • When the Unified Agent scanned a multi-module Gradle project, the project name would contain a version.

  • When the Unified Agent scanned a Gradle project containing a dependency with no version, no dependencies would be found and an exception would be thrown.

  • When the Unified Agent scanned a project on a Windows machine, if the “-d” parameter had a trailing whitespace, an exception would be thrown.

  • When a Unified Agent scanned a Go Modules project, test dependencies were incorrectly identified.

Resolved Issues

  • In the Azure DevOps integration (Services and Bolt extensions), an erroneous redirect prevented loading the organizational and project settings of the extensions.

New Features and Updates

Unified Agent

  • A new configuration parameter commandTimeout is now available for controlling the timeout of all the commands executed by the Unified Agent during a scan.

Resolved Issues

  • When performing a global search to check for CVE vulnerabilities in the library inventory, the results would display "No files in your inventory are vulnerable" when in fact there were vulnerabilities.

  • Poetry updated dependencies that were not identified, would not show in the Application at all because the Artifact ID was missing.

  • The Unified Agent did not comply with the default branch name change when scanning an SCM GitHub repository.

  • If some of the entries were missing from the go.sum file, the Unified Agent's Go Modules resolution would fail to detect dependencies.

NOTE

The Application release is delayed to October 10th due to maintenance and stabilization improvements.

New Features and Updates

Unified Agent

  • Conda dependencies detection is now enabled by default - the default value for the conda.resolveDependencies parameter is set to true.

  • The Gradle dependencies' detection mechanism was improved significantly. As a result, the following Gradle parameters are now obsolete:  

    • gradle.runAssembleCommand

    • gradle.runPreStep  

    • gradle.localRepositoryPath

    • gradle.downloadMissingDependencies

    • gradle.wrapperPath

    In addition, the default value of the gradle.preferredEnvironment was changed to wrapper, to improve the scan results and align to Gradle best practices.

  • The Unified Agent now supports Yarn 2.

Jira Server & Jira Cloud Plugins

  • The Jira plugins now support the automatic updates of tickets following changes identified on WhiteSource - whether the policy no longer affects the project or the library is no longer in the project's inventory.

Resolved Issues

  • In the Unified Agent, some NPM dependencies would be missing when the npm.removeDuplicateDependencies parameter was set to true.

  • Building the scanner Dockerfile would fail when trying to install Cocoapods for managing the library dependencies.

  • In the Unified Agent, the PIP resolution would fail in cases when the pyproject.toml was found.

Resolved Issues

  • Removed unreachable libraries from the Unified Agent’s jar.

New Features and Updates

Unified Agent

  • The Unified Agent now supports scanning of Conda dependencies specified in environment.yml files. Conda dependencies detection is controlled by a new parameter conda.resolveDependencies which is disabled by default. Note: WhiteSource Conda vulnerabilities coverage is currently limited to Python dependencies only and will be extended in coming releases.

  • The includes parameter now has a default value (comprising all the WhiteSource supported extensions) that will be applied to all the Unified Agent's configuration methods (environment variables, config file, etc.).

  • The excludes parameter now has a default value of:

  • Go dependency detection now enables the optimized resolver for Go Modules by default. In addition, the Go resolution will no longer be triggered by Go source files and will be aligned to the other resolvers to be triggered only by the package managers' manifest files.

  • Performance improvements are introduced to the NPM dependencies detection.

Jira Server Plugin (Beta)

  • Resolved an issue that occurred when using an Oracle database.

 Resolved Issues

  • In the Unified Agent, the excludes parameter was being called for every project in a folder, instead of per project directory.

  • In the Unified Agent, when scanning a target folder while extracting a jar file, a null pointer exception occurred.

  • A Prioritize scan would fail with an EUA error due to missing SHA-1 library dependency.

  • An Artifactory Plugin scan would fail to get the SHA-1 library dependency.

A new plugin for Jira Cloud is released in beta status, as part of the WhiteSource new integration with Jira.

Resolved Issues

  • In the Azure DevOps Services Integration, authentication issues required downgrading the azure-devops-node-api NPM library used by the extension.

New Features and Updates

Jira Server Plugin (Beta)

  • Support was extended to the latest Jira Server versions.

Resolved Issues

  • In the Library Security Vulnerabilities page, when the same library appeared in several projects, the wrong shield was displayed.

  • Under certain conditions, when using the Vulnerabilities Report, an error occurred.

  • In the Unified Agent, when scanning in SCM mode, a debug exception occurred before cloning the repository.

  • In the Unified Agent, when scanning yarn projects, the hierarchy tree was not deduped, resulting in memory issues.

  • A runtime error occurred in the Artifactory plugin.

  • The minutes-to-milliseconds conversion during cloning of WhitesourceService.class caused an invalid value in wss.connectionTimeoutMinutes.

  • When scanning via Github scanner, when scanning a repository by a tag (not branch), the scan failed in the cloning phase.

Notices

Within the next two releases of the Unified Agent, the Gradle dependencies' detection mechanism will be improved significantly. This will make the following Gradle parameters obsolete: 

  • gradle.runAssembleCommand

  • gradle.runPreStep  

  • gradle.localRepositoryPath

  • gradle.downloadMissingDependencies 

As part of this change, the default value of the gradle.preferredEnvironment will be changed to wrapper, to improve the scan results and align to Gradle best practices. 
In addition, the gradle.wrapperPath parameter will be also deprecated.

Documentation

  • The content in New Versions Alerts was moved to Understanding the Project Page, and the page was deprecated.

  • The content in Advanced Searching was moved to Understanding and Managing Vulnerabilities, and the page was deprecated.

New Features and Updates

Unified Agent

  • The default of php.removeDuplicateDependencies has been changed to True.

WhiteSource Prioritize

  • WhiteSource Prioritize scans are officially supported in the Red Hat Enterprise Linux environment with an installation of java-11-openjdk-devel.

  • The latest Multi-Module Analyzer version will be available starting 21.7.1 in a permanent link and can be downloaded automatically from the same link in future upgrades.

Jira Server Plugin (Beta)

  • The description of the Jira tickets created by the Jira Server Plugin is now more clear and organized.

Azure DevOps Extension

  • The Azure DevOps Services extension now supports updating the activation key after installation.

Reports

  • A new report, the Early Warnings Report, is released. This report displays same-day indications of vulnerabilities automatically identified by WhiteSource even before being certified by the Researchers.  The report has limited availability for select customers. It is being slowly rolled out and will be available for all customers and environments in the next couple of weeks, a separate notice will be announced in the release notes for GA.

  • Note that as was announced on June 6th, on August 15th the Multiple Library Version report will replace the alert for Multiple Library Version, which will be disabled for all customers. All information that was available in Multiple Library Version alerts will be available in the dedicated report, for both past and future scans.

Resolved Issues

  • When the same NuGet dependency was defined in both the csproj and nuspec, it appeared twice in the application.

  • In the Unified Agent, setting multiple archives in the "-d" argument sometimes led to incorrect results.

  • The Maven, OCaml, Modules, and the R resolvers of the Unified Agent were not failing the scan if the relevant package manager was not installed when failErrorLevel was set to ALL.

  • In the Unified Agent, the parameter gradle.additionalArguments was only being applied to a subset of Gradle commands, instead of all Gradle commands.

  • When scanning projects with the Unified Agent, and archiveIncludes and archiveExtractionDepth were set, corrupted zip files resulted in null pointer exceptions in certain Java versions.

  • In the Unified Agent, the Maven resolver did not detect the dependency tree path when the Maven log was altered.

Notices

  • Within the next two releases of the Unified Agent, the behavior of the includes and excludes and parameters will be fixed with respect to the use of the projectPerFolder parameter by matching their values relative to the main root path.  

  • Within the next two releases of the Unified Agent, several improvements to the default configuration will be introduced:

    • The includes parameter will have a default value (comprises of all the WhiteSource supported extensions) that will be applied to all the Unified Agent's configuration methods (environment variables, config file, etc)  

    • The excludes parameter will have a default value of

  • Within the next two releases of the Unified Agent, the Go dependency detection will be improved by enabling the optimized resolver for Go Modules by default. In addition, the Go resolution will no longer be triggered by Go source files and will be aligned to the other resolvers to be triggered only by the package managers' manifest files.

WhiteSource Cure (Beta)

A new product, WhiteSource Cure, has been released in beta status. WhiteSource Cure automatically generates remediation suggestions and proposed fixes for vulnerabilities identified by detection tools in proprietary code. The remediation suggestions, called “reports”, are displayed on the vulnerable code itself and can be used as-is in your IDE.

Documentation

  • New and updated documentation has been published for the Global Org/Organization/Product/Project-Level APIs and Product and Project-Level APIs.

  • The information in the Utilizing Security Vulnerabilities Information was moved to Understanding and Managing Security Vulnerabilities, and the page was deprecated.

  • The main API page, HTTP API v1.3, will be deprecated on September 1, 2021. All the information contained in this page already appears in the API sub-topics, such as Product and Project-Level APIs, etc.

New Features and Updates

  • The detection accuracy of security vulnerabilities was improved for the Unified Agent Linux package manager scan (scanPackageManager).

  • The base image of the CircleCI orb executor was updated to Ubuntu 18.04.

  • The image of the WhiteSource integration for Bitbucket was updated.

Jira Server Plugin (Beta)

  • The library path was added to the Jira ticket.

Resolved Issues

  • In the Security Alerts reports, there were no checks to determine if the organization had partial data property.

  • Jira Server Plugin: instead of assigning the WhiteSource issue type only to the relevant project, it was added to all the screens in the user's Jira environment.

Documentation

  • New and updated documentation has been published for the Reports APIs and the License and Library APIs.

Resolved Issues

  • In the Azure DevOps Services Integration, a corrupted setting of the extension was not handled correctly.

Resolved Issues

  • In the Azure DevOps Services Integration, an issue prevented executing the WhiteSource task.

Resolved Issues

  • In the Unified Agent, when the gradle.preferredEnvironment parameter was set to wrapper, gradle commands were executed instead of gradlew commands.

Resolved Issues

  • In the Azure DevOps Services Integration, an issue prevented updating the project settings.

Notices

  • In the next Unified Agent release, the Gradle resolution will be improved, removing non-resolvable dependencies from the results..  

New Features and Updates

Azure DevOps Services Integration

Major improvements to the Azure DevOps integration have been introduced. The underlying scanning mechanism has been modified to allow a direct WhiteSource scan from within the Azure DevOps pipeline. As part of this change, the following updates have been introduced:

  • The extension activation procedure has been moved to the Organization settings section by navigating to Organization settings > Extensions > WhiteSource page.

  • The WhiteSource tab under Project > Pipelines has been deprecated.

  • The WhiteSource Open Source Risk Report is available at the Azure DevOps build level only, deprecating the project level aggregated report.

  • The direct WhiteSource scan from within the Azure DevOps pipeline is now the only scanning option.

Jira Server Plugin (Beta)

  • Resolved an issue preventing tickets to be created following an incorrect initialization of the WS_BOT.

Bitbucket Integration

  • A new variable for specifying options for the Java command executing the Unified Agent's JAR is now available in the Bitbucket integration.

Resolved Issues

  • The IntelliJ IDE would cease to function when scanning Maven projects with the WhiteSource plugin.

  • When a server was stopped, there were problems continuing the scan that had already started.

  • Persist ManagedResource failed after a database Lock exception.

  • Manually remapping of all the source files did not close pending requests for the old source library.

  • In the Unified Agent, projectPerFolderIncludes failed to detect subfolders.

  • When scanning a Yarn project with the Unified Agent, if the "resolved" section was missing for a dependency within the yarn.lock file, a Null Pointer Exception occurred.

  • WhiteSource now supports the ability to run bower and yarn in the same directory.

  • In the case of GitHub.com integration, the SCM scanner scanned the root folder instead of the cloning folder, causing the scanner to scan additional libraries.

Notices

  • Starting August 1, 2021, Unified Agent versions will be available for a year after their release.  

  • Within the next two releases of the Unified Agent, the default value of the php.removeDuplicateDependencies parameter will be changed from false to true.

  • Within the next two releases of the Unified Agent, the gradle.additionalArguments parameter for specifying additional arguments to be added to the Gradle commands executed by the agent - will be applied to all Gradle commands (not only to the gradle dependencies command). 

  • Within the next two releases of the Unified Agent, the Maven, OCaml, Modules and the R resolvers will be aligned to the behavior of the other detectors when failErrorLevel is set to ALL by failing the scan if the relevant package manager is not installed.

Documentation

  • New and updated AVM documentation has been published

  • New and updated API documentation has been published for 1) Alerts and 2) Groups and Users

  • The contents of the following topics will be moved. The pages of those topics will be deprecated. Note that after being moved, no changes to the information contained will be made

    • The contents of Triggering a new Scan in Bitbucket will be moved to WhiteSource for Bitbucket Server.

New Features and Updates

Unified Agent

  • Beginning in this version, support is added for Cargo workspaces.

Resolved Issues

  • When defined only from the fromDate parameter, the getXXXXAlertsByType API call returned an empty list in VBA mode.

  • The Vulnerability Report opened with a partial mode disclaimer even in non-partial mode organizations.

  • In the Unified Agent, NPM 6 failed to resolve dependencies originating from registry.npm.tabao.org.

New Features and Updates

Reports

  • A new report is introduced in beta phase - the Multiple Library Version report. This report displays information regarding multiple versions of the same library that are being used in the selected project/product. With the release of this report, we are announcing that the alert for Multiple Library Version will be disabled to all customers on August 15th, 2021. All information that was available on Multiple Library Version alerts will be available in the dedicated report, for both past and future scans.

Resolved Issues

  • Under certain conditions in the Library Location Report, the same file locations were displayed multiple times for the same library.

  • A transitive dependency declared for both the "test" and "compile" scopes was omitted from the scan results.

  • An NPM scan failed with a null pointer when it identified a package.json missing the name or the version.

  • In the Unified Agent, a null pointer exception occurred during Maven dependency downloads.

Documentation Updates

The following pages were deprecated:

  • In the Image Registries section:

    • UA - Amazon Elastic Container Registry (ECR) - Docker Integration

    • UA - Azure Container Registry Integration

    • UA - Docker Image Integration

    • UA - Google Container Registry Docker Integration

    • UA - JFrog Artifactory Docker Registry Integration

  • In the AVM section:

    • Migrating Fortify/ThreadFix Agent to the AVM Agent

Notices

Major improvements to the Azure DevOps integration will be introduced in July 2021. The underlying scanning mechanism will be modified to allow a direct WhiteSource scan from within the Azure DevOps pipeline. As part of this change, the following updates will be introduced:

  • The extension activation procedure will be moved to the Organization settings section by navigating to Organization settings > Extensions > WhiteSource page.

  • The WhiteSource tab under Project > Pipelines will be deprecated.

  • The WhiteSource Open Source Risk Report will be available at the Azure DevOps build level only, deprecating the project level aggregated report.

  • The direct WhiteSource scan from within the Azure DevOps pipeline will be the only scanning option.

New Features and Updates

Web UI

  • When working in Vulnerability-based alerting mode, the Details column was returned to the exported License and Compliance Alerts Report, providing more specific information on the alert.

  • A new license, Saucy 2.0, has been added. See here for details.

  • In Vulnerability-based Alerts organizations, new button was added to the pending tasks page, More Information. When selecting tasks from the list (up to 50) and clicking on this button, a new pop-up screen will appear, presenting information regarding the number of vulnerabilities and the license of each of the selected tasks' libraries. The user will be able to change the tasks selection in the pop-up, and the new selection will be saved upon clicking Save. The users will then be returned to the original pending tasks screen, and will be able to choose to approve or reject the tasks, based on the information that was provided in the pop-up

Resolved Issues

  • In rare cases, there was a discrepancy between the vulnerabilities number shown in the Library page and that shown in the Alerts report.

  • When the organization's name included the character ".", creating an access key of the issue tracker integration failed.

  • Queries used to calculate match types fetched all project resource usages of the product/project, taking a long time to return server responses.

  • The Unified Agent did not handle Gradle artifact relocation correctly.

  • In some cases, when the Artifactory Plugin deleted Temp folders, not all folders were deleted.

Documentation Updates

In the next version (version 21.5.2), the following pages will be deprecated:

  • In the Image Registries section:

    • UA - Amazon Elastic Container Registry (ECR) - Docker Integration

    • UA - Azure Container Registry Integration

    • UA - Docker Image Integration

    • UA - Google Container Registry Docker Integration

    • UA - JFrog Artifactory Docker Registry Integration

  • In the AVM section:

    • Migrating Fortify/ThreadFix Agent to the AVM Agent

New Features and Updates

Jira Server Plugin (Beta)

  • The WhiteSource issue type will now be created with the default values for commonly-used JIRA fields.

New Features and Updates

Unified Agent

  • NPM and Yarn configuration are now optimized by automatically executing the relevant pre-step (npm install or yarn install) based on the lock file detected (yarn.lock or package-lock.json) when npm.runPreStep = true.

  • Beginning in this version, nuget.runPreStep and nuget.restoreDependencies will be combined. This works the following way: if nuget.runPreStep = true, then dotnet restore will be performed on found .csproj files. As a result of this merge, nuget.restoreDependencies will be deprecated.

Notices

The TeamCity plugin will reach its End Of Life starting November 1, 2021. After this date, WhiteSource will no longer provide standard support, including updates and fixes, for the deprecated plugin. Extended Support, which is limited to configuration and Support troubleshooting, will continue until May 1, 2022. Following this date, the TeamCity plugin will no longer be supported by WhiteSource. Please make sure to migrate to the Unified Agent before the end of standard support on November 1, 2021 to maintain full support of your product.

Documentation

  • The following pages were deprecated:

    • Requesting an Arbitrary File 

    • GitHub Related Topics

    • The License Identification page -  its content was merged with Changing a Library’s License

    • TheLicense Analysis page - its content was merged with Understanding Risk Score Attribution

  • The Policies API page has been deprecated, and a new and updated Policies API page has replaced it.

Resolved Issues

  • Users encountered errors logging in to WhiteSource.

  • Project name or project token were mandatory parameters for Docker scanning unnecessarily.

  • Users were unable to delete roles when there were no roles remaining.

  • When the Inventory Report was exported to MS Excel, there was extra whitespace between the project name and the Direct Dependency.

  • When password complexity validation was enabled, users were unable to reset their passwords.

  • NPM/Yarn downloaded artifacts were not always removed at the end of the Unified Agent scan.

  • In the Unified Agent, a null pointer exception occurred when scanning ANT-based projects with an empty zip file.

Documentation

  • New and updated WhiteSource Prioritization documentation has been released. See here.

  • The R Integration page was deprecated and its content was moved to the Unified Agent Configuration Parameters page.

  • In the next version, the following pages will be deprecated:

    • Requesting an Arbitrary File

    • GitHub Related Topics

    • The License Identification page - its content will be merged with Changing a Library’s License

    • The License Analysis page - its content will be merged with Understanding Risk Score Attribution

    • The New Versions Alerts page - its content will be merged with the Project Page

Resolved Issues

  • Resolved a security issue in the Jira Server plugin.

Resolved Issues

  • Resolved an issue where running the Unified Agent with “-v” resulted in its version printed with a console log message header.

New Features and Updates

Web UI

  • Customers can now configure SAML integration for multiple global organizations with the same Identity Provider (IDP).

  • Product and Library Priority Scoring Reports: New reports provide information on the priority of a library or product, taking different threat and impact factors into account. See here for details.

  • Starting this version, SmartMatch is the default algorithm used for source files matching when a new WhiteSource Organization is created.

  • The name of the Sun license was changed to Sun Public License.

Unified Agent

Major improvements to the Go Modules dependencies detection have been introduced with the addition of a new optimized resolver for Modules, controlled by a separate set of parameters. Two separate settings are now supported: new parameters for controlling the new Modules resolution and the existing Go parameters for controlling Modules and the other Go package managers. The new Modules resolver detects only the actively-used dependencies and includes the following new parameters:

  • go.modules.resolveDependencies

  • go.modules.ignoreSourceFiles

  • go.modules.removeDuplicateDependencies

  • go.modules.includeTestDependecies. 

To use the enhanced Modules dependencies detection, it is recommended to turn on the new resolver by setting go.modules.resolveDependencies=true and disable the current Go resolver by setting go.resolveDependencies=false.

Security Advisories

  • Improved detection accuracy of vulnerabilities found in Red Hat Enterprise Linux distributions.

  • Added support for new security advisories.

The enhancements above will be deployed gradually, and may result in some WhiteSource organizations experiencing a change in vulnerability alerts over the next month.

Documentation Updates

  • The following documentation changes were implemented:

Источник: https://whitesource.atlassian.net/wiki/spaces/WD/pages/33718455

How To Compile And Use SEE

1.0 Introduction

This file describes the SQLite Encryption Extension (SEE) for SQLite. The SEE allows SQLite to read and write encrypted database files. All database content, including the metadata, is encrypted so that to an outside observer the database appears to be white noise.

A version of SQLite that includes SEE is also able to read and write normal database files created with a public domain version of SQLite. But the public version of SQLite will not be able to read or write an encrypted database file. Indeed, no version of any known software will be able to access an encrypted database file without knowing the encryption key.

The SEE is actually a set of extensions employing various encryption algorithms. The following encryption algorithms are currently supported:

  • AES-256 in OFB mode (recommended for all new development)
  • AES-128 in OFB mode
  • AES-128 in CCM mode
  • RC4 with security enhancements (legacy only)

2.0 License

The core SQLite library is in the public domain. However, the extensions needed to read and write an encrypted database file are licensed software. You should only be able to see this software if you have a license.

Your license is perpetual. You have paid a one-time fee that allows you to use and modify the software forever. You can ship as many copied of the software to your customers as you want so long as you ensure that only compiled binaries are shipped (you cannot distribute source code) and that your customers cannot make additional copies of the software to use for other purposes.

You can create multiple products that use this software as long as all products are developed and maintained by the same team. For the purposes of this paragraph, a "team" is a work unit where everybody knows each others names. If you are in a large company where this product is used by multiple teams, then each team should acquire their own separate license, or an enterprise license.

3.0 How To Compile

Your application sees SEE as a single large file of C-code that is a drop-in replacement for the SQLite amalgamation. The SEE source-code file works and compiles just like the public-domain "sqlite3.c" amalgamation. If you already build your application using the public-domain "sqlite3.c" file, then to build using SEE you merely replace the public-domain "sqlite3.c" with an SEE-enabled "sqlite3.c" file and recompile.

There are nine different SEE-enabled "sqlite3.c" files to choose from:

  1. sqlite3-see-aes256-openssl.c
  2. sqlite3-see-aes256-cryptoapi.c
  3. sqlite3-see-aes256-ofb.c
  4. sqlite3-see-cccrypt.c
  5. sqlite3-see-aes128-ofb.c
  6. sqlite3-see-aes128-ccm.c
  7. sqlite3-see.c
  8. sqlite3-rc4.c
  9. sqlite3-xor.c

The recommended procedure for adding SEE into your application is to copy one of these files into your application source tree, renaming it as "sqlite3.c" and overwriting the public-domain "sqlite3.c" source file, then recompile. After recompiling, your application should continue working exactly as it did before, reading and writing ordinary unencrypted SQLite databases. Once you have recompiled and verified that everything still works, then go back in and add a PRAGMA (described below) that activates encryption to your application code, and you are done.

3.1 Source Code Files In The SEE Distribution

The following are the source-code files used to implement the SQLite Encryption Extension:

sqlite3-see-aes256-openssl.c

This file is a drop-in replacement for the public-domain "sqlite3.c" file, adding support for encryption using the AES-256 in OFB mode by linking against the external OpenSSL library.

sqlite3-see-cryptoapi.c

This file is a drop-in replacement for the public-domain "sqlite3.c" source file, adding encryption capabilities using the AES256 in OFB mode using the CryptoAPI native interface on Windows.

sqlite3-see-aes256-ofb.c

This file is a drop-in replacement for the public-domain "sqlite3.c" file, adding support for encryption using the AES-256 in OFB mode using a built-in copy of the Rijndaal reference implementation.

sqlite3-see-cccrypt.c

This file is a drop-in replacement for the public-domain "sqlite3.c" filef, adding support for the AES-128 and AES-256 encryption algorithms, in OFB mode, using the external CCCrypt encryption. CCCrypt is the default encryption library on MacOS and iOS, and so this implementation of SEE is recommended for those platforms.

The see-ccrypt.c module normally only does AES128 encryption. However, when see-cccrypt is compiled with -DCCCRYPT256, it will use AES256 if and only if the key is exactly 32 bytes long.

sqlite3-see-aes128-ofb.c

This file is a drop-in replacement for the public-domain "sqlite3.c" file. This replacement adds support for the AES-128 encryption algorithm in OFB mode using the Rijndaal reference implementation.

sqlite3-see-aes128-ccm.c

This file is a drop-in replacement for the public-domain "sqlite3.c" file. This replacement adds support for the AES-128 encryption algorithm in CCM mode. CCM mode includes a message authentication code which provides authentication in addition to confidentiality. This uses the Rijndaal reference implementation for AES.

sqlite3-see-rc4.c

This file is a drop-in replacement for the public-domain "sqlite3.c" file, adding support for encryption using the RC4 algorithm. RC4 is no longer considered secure. You should not use this implementation of SEE. It is provided for historical compatibility only.

sqlite3-see.c

This file is a drop-in replacement for the public-domain "sqlite3.c" source file, adding support for encryption using any of the RC4, AES128-OFB, or AES258-OFB algorithms. The algorithm used is based on a prefix to the encryption key. If the key material begins with "rc4:" then RC4 encryption is used. If the key material begins with "aes128:" then AES128-OFB is used. If the key material begins with "aes256:" then AES256-OFB is used. If none of these three valid prefixes appear on the key, then AES128-OFB is the default algorithm. A valid prefix is removed from the key prior to being passed on to the encryption algorithm.

sqlite3-see-xor.c

This file is a drop-in replacement for the public-domain "sqlite3.c" source file, adding pseudo-encryption which does nothing more than XOR the database against a repeated copy of the encryption key. This variant of SEE does not provide true encryption. It is for demonstration use only, or for use in cases where it is desirable to obfuscate a database file without actually encrypting it, perhaps due to legal constraints.

sqlite3.c

A copy of ordinary, unencrypted SQLite that contains additional hooks needed to add encryption. The other encrypted SQLite modules above are all copies of this file with additional code prepended and appended to do the encryption work. This file is provided for reference only and is probably not useful for development.

sqlite3.h

This file contains the interface definitions for SQLite. Other programs that link against SQLite will need this file, and you will need this file in order to compile the CLI, but you do not need this file to compile SQLite itself.

shell.c

This file contains source code for the "CLI", the Command Line Interface program named "sqlite3.exe" that you can use to access and control SQLite database files. This file is different from the "shell.c" file that comes with the public-domain version of SQLite. This shell.c has been enhanced to make use of the encryption extension.

3.2 Building And Compiling The SEE Code

To compile SEE into a static library, select an appropriate "sqlite3-see-*.c" source file (containing the algorithm and implementation you desire), then compile that file just like you would compile an ordinary public-domain "sqlite3.c" source file. On unix systems, the command sequence would be something like this:

gcc -c sqlite3-see-aes256-ofb.c ar a sqlite3-see-aes256-ofb.a sqlite3-see-aes256-ofb.o

On windows, the commands are more like this:

cl -c sqlite3-see-aes256-ofb.c lib /out:libsee.lib sqlite3-see-aes256-ofb.obj

3.3 Building A Shared-Library Or DLL

We encourage you to statically link SQLite against your application. However, if you must use SQLite as a separate DLL or shared library, you can compile as follows on Linux:

gcc -fPIC -shared -o libsee.so sqlite3-see-aes256-ofb.c

Or on Windows:

cl -DSQLITE_API=__declspec(dllexport) sqlite3-see-aes256-ofb.c /link /dll /out:libsee.dll

3.4 Building The Command-Line Shell Program

To compile the CLI, just hand the shell.c source file to your C compiler together with either the static library prepared above, or the original source code files. A typical command on Linux is:

gcc -o sqlite3 shell.c sqlite3-see-aes256-ofb.c -lpthread -ldl

On a Mac:

gcc -o sqlite3 shell.c sqlite3-see-aes256-ofb.c -ldl

On Windows with MSVC:

cl /Fesqlite3.exe shell.c sqlite3-see-aes256-ofb.c

For an added performance boost when building the CLI, consider adding the -DSQLITE_THREADSAFE=0 option. The CLI is single threaded and SQLite runs faster if it doesn't have to use its mutexes.

SEE can also be built for Windows Phone 8, UWP 10, and Android.

4.0 Command-Line Usage

The CLI is the same CLI used by public-domain SQLite though with enhancements to support encryption. There are new command-line options ("-key", "-hexkey", and "-textkey") for specifying the encryption key. Examples:

sqlite3 -key secret database.db sqlite3 -hexkey 736563726574 database.db sqlite3 -textkey secret2 database.db

If the key is omitted or is an empty string no encryption is performed.

There are three different key formats. The first format (-key) takes the key string and repeats it over and over until it exceeds the number of bytes in the key of the underlying algorithm (16 bytes for AES128, 32 bytes for AES256, or 256 bytes for RC4). It then truncates the result to the algorithm key size. That approach limits the key space since it does not allow 0x00 bytes in the key. The second format (-hexkey) accepts the key as hexadecimal, so any key can be represented. If the provided key is too long it is truncated. If the provided key is too shorted, it is repeated to fill it out to the algorithm key length. The third format (-textkey) computes a strong hash on the input key material and uses that hash to key the algorithm. The -textkey format is recommended for new applications.

4.1 Changing the encryption key

The SEE-enabled CLI also includes new dot-commands ".rekey", ".hex-rekey", and ".text-rekey" for changing the encryption key:

.rekey OLD NEW NEW .hex-rekey OLD NEW NEW .text-rekey OLD NEW NEW

The first argument is always the old password, in exactly the format as it was supplied to the "-key", "-hexkey", or "-textkey" options when the command-line tool was started. If the the database was previously unencrypted, use an empty string "" as the key. The 2nd and 3rd arguments are the new encryption key. You must enter the new key twice to check for typos - the rekey will not occur unless both instances of the new key are the same. To encrypt a previously unencrypted database, do this:

.rekey "" new-key new-key VACUUM

The VACUUM step is not required to enable encryption but it is highly recommended. The VACUUM command ensures that every page of the database file has a secure nonce. The VACUUM is only needed when an existing, non-empty database file is encrypted for the first time.

To decrypt a database do this:

.rekey old-key "" ""

The .rekey command only works with text keys. To rekey a database that contains a binary key use the ".hex-rekey" command instead. The .hex-rekey command works just like .rekey except the new key is entered as hexadecimal instead of text. The ".text-rekey" command computes a hash of the NEW argument and uses that hash as the encryption key.

5.0 C Interface

If you deploy the SQLite encryption extension as a DLL or shared library then you must first activate the library by invoking:

sqlite3_activate_see("7bb07b8d471d642e");

The argument is your product activation key. The activation key is available as plain-text in the source code so you can clearly see what it is. The purpose of the activation key is to prevent one of your customers from extracting the SQLite library and using it separately from your application. Without knowledge of the activation key, which only you should know, your users will be unable to access the encryption features.

If you are unable to invoke the C-interface to sqlite3_activate_see() (perhaps because you are accessing SQLite through a wrapper layer) then you can also alternatively activate the encryption features using a PRAGMA:

PRAGMA activate_extensions='see-7bb07b8d471d642e';

Use the sqlite3_open() API to open an encrypted database or any database that you want to rekey. Immediately after opening, specify the key using sqlite3_key_v2():

int sqlite3_key_v2( sqlite3 *db, /* The connection from sqlite3_open() */ const char *zDbName, /* Which ATTACHed database to key */ const void *pKey, /* The key */ int nKey /* Number of bytes in the key */ );

If the pKey argument is NULL or nKey is 0, then the database is assumed to be unencrypted. The nKey parameter can be arbitrarily large, though only the first 256 bytes (RC4) or 16 bytes (AES128) or 32 bytes (AES256) will be used. In SEE versions 3.15.0 and later, if nKey is negative, then pKey is assumed to be a zero-terminated passphrase string. In that case the passphrase is hashed and the hash is used as the key to AES algorithm. The passphrase itself is used as the key for RC4.

CAUTION: The feature of using a passphrase hash when nKey<0 was added in version 3.15.0. If you use nKey<0 in any SEE version prior to 3.15.0, encryption will be silently disabled, just as if you had set nKey=0.

The see-ccrypt.c module uses AES128 encryption by default. However, if see-ccrypt.c is compiled with -DCCCRYPT256 and if the sqlite3_key_v2() interface is called with nKey==32, then AES256 encryption is used instead.

If you specify an incorrect key, you will not get an error message right away. But the first time you try to access the database you will get an SQLITE_NOTADB error with a message of "file is encrypted or is not a database".

The zDbName parameter specifies which ATTACH-ed database should get the key. Usually this is "main". You can pass in a NULL pointer as an alias for "main". Unless you have a good reason to do otherwise, it is best to pass in a NULL pointer for the zDbName parameter.

You can change the key on a database using the sqlite3_rekey() routine:

int sqlite3_rekey_v2( sqlite *db, /* Database to be rekeyed */ const char *zDbName, /* Which ATTACHed database to rekey */ const void *pKey, int nKey /* The new key */ );

A NULL key decrypts the database.

Rekeying requires that every page of the database file be read, decrypted, reencrypted with the new key, then written out again. Consequently, rekeying can take a long time on a larger database.

Most SEE variants allow you to encrypt an existing database that was created using the public domain version of SQLite. This is not possible when using the authenticating version of the encryption extension in see-aes128-ccm.c. If you do encrypt a database that was created with the public domain version of SQLite, no nonce will be used and the file will be vulnerable to a chosen-plaintext attach. If you call sqlite3_key_v2() immediately after sqlite3_open() when you are first creating the database, space will be reserved in the database for a nonce and the encryption will be much stronger. If you do not want to encrypt right away, call sqlite3_key_v2() anyway, with a NULL key, and the space for the nonce will be reserved in the database even though no encryption is done initially.

A public domain version of the SQLite library can read and write an encrypted database with a NULL key. You only need the encryption extension if the key is non-NULL.

6.0 Using the "key" PRAGMA

As an alternative to calling sqlite3_key_v2() to set the decryption key for a database, you can invoke a pragma:

PRAGMA key='your-secret-key';

You must invoke this pragma before trying to do any other interaction with the database. The key pragma only works with string keys. If you use a binary key, use the hexkey pragma instead:

PRAGMA hexkey='796f75722d7365637265742d6b6579';

For the equivalent of the --textkey option, in which the text passphrase is hashed to compute the actual encryption key, use:

PRAGMA textkey='your-secret-key';

Use the rekey, hexrekey, or textrekey pragmas to change the key. So, for example, to change the key to 'demo2' use one of:

PRAGMA rekey='demo2'; PRAGMA hexrekey='64656d6f32'; PRAGMA textrekey='long-passphrase';

Through the use of these pragmas, it is never necessary to directly invoke the sqlite3_key_v2() or sqlite3_rekey_v2() interfaces. This means that SEE can be used with language wrappers that do not know about those interfaces.

The "key", "hexkey", and "textkey" PRAGMA statements expect the same key strings as the "-key", "-hexkey", and "-textkey" arguments to the command-line shell, respectively.

The key PRAGMAs will return a string "ok" if they successfully load an encryption key into SEE. If you invoke one of these pragmas on a system that does not support encryption, or if the key loading operation fails for any reason, then nothing is returned. Note that the "ok" string is returned when any key is loaded, not necessarily the correct key. The only way to determine if the key is correct is to try to read from the database file. An incorrect key will result in a read error.

7.0 Using The ATTACH Command

The key for an attached database is specified using the KEY clause at the end of the ATTACH statement. Like this:

ATTACH DATABASE 'file2.db' AS two KEY 'xyzzy';

If the KEY clause is omitted, the same key is used that is currently in use by the main database. If the attached database is not encrypted, specify an empty string as the key. The argument to the KEY keyword can be BLOB constant. For example:

ATTACH DATABASE 'file2.db' AS two KEY X'78797a7a79';

Using text as the KEY on an ATTACH statement expects the same key as one would provide to the "-key" option of the command-line shell. A BLOB value for KEY is means to use the same key as would have been provided by the "-hexkey" option to the command-line shell. There is no mechanism for specifying a passphrase to be hashed on an ATTACH statement. If you are using a hashed key, you must compute the hash yourself and supply it as a BLOB.

8.0 Key Material

The amount of key material actually used by the encryption extension depends on which variant of SEE you are using. With see-rc4.c, the first 256 byte of key are used. With the see-aes128-ofb and and see-aes128-ccm variants, the first 16 bytes of the key are used. With see-aes256-ofb, the first 32 bytes of key are used.

If you specify a key that is shorter than the maximum key length, then the key material is repeated as many times as necessary to complete the key. If you specify a key that is larger than the maximum key length, then the excess key material is silently ignored.

For the "-textkey" option, up to 256 bytes of the passphrase are hashed using RC4 and the hash value becomes the encryption key. Note that in this context the RC4 algorithm is being used as a hash function, not as a cryptographic function, so the fact that RC4 is a cryptographically weak algorithm is irrelevant.

8.1 Encryption algorithm selection using a key prefix

For the "sqlite3-see.c" SEE variant, the key may begin with a prefix to specify which algorithm to use. The prefix must be exactly one of "rc4:", "aes128:", or "aes256:". The prefix is not used as part of the key sent into the encryption algorithm. So the real key should begin on the first byte after the prefix. Take note of the following important details:

  • The prefix is case sensitive. "aes256:" is a valid prefix but "AES256:" is not.

  • If the key prefix is omitted or misspelled, then the encryption algorithm defaults to "aes128" and the misspelled prefix becomes part of the key.

  • The encryption algorithm can be changed using the sqlite3_rekey_v2() interface or the .rekey command-line. For example, to convert a legacy RC4-encrypted database to use AES-256, enter:

    .rekey rc4:mykey aes256:mykey aes256:mykey
  • The algorithm prefix strings work on the "sqlite-see.c" variant of SEE only. For any of SEE implementations, any prefix on the key is interpreted as part of the key.

  • The nKey parameter on sqlite3_key() and sqlite3_key_v2() must include the size of the prefix in addition to the size of the key.

  • When using PRAGMA hexkey or PRAGMA hexrekey, the key prefix must be hex encoded just like the rest of the key.

    PRAGMA hexkey='aes128:6d796b6579'; -- Wrong!! PRAGMA hexkey='6165733132383a6d796b6579'; -- correct

9.0 The Importance of a Nonce

The encryption is much more secure if it has a random nonce value on each page of the database. Without a nonce, the encryption can be broken using a chosen-plaintext attack. Purists will argue (rightly) that the encryption is weak without a nonce.

The number of bytes of nonce on each page of the database is determined by byte 20 of the database file. This value is set to zero by default in databases created by the public-domain version of SQLite. You can change this byte to a positive value by running the VACUUM command using an SEE-enabled version of SQLite.

You can check the size of the nonce for a database by using the ".dbinfo" command in an ordinary sqlite3.exe command-line shell program. The output of the ".dbinfo" command will look something like this:

database page size: 4096 write format: 1 read format: 1 reserved bytes: 12 ← Nonce size file change counter: 3504448735 database page count: 14190 freelist page count: 0 schema cookie: 107 schema format: 4 default cache size: 0 autovacuum top root: 0 incremental vacuum: 0 text encoding: 1 (utf8) user version: 0 application id: 0 software version: 3008008 number of tables: 53 number of indexes: 53 number of triggers: 0 number of views: 0 schema size: 14257

Bytes 16 through 23 of the database are unencrypted. Thus, you can always check to see how much nonce is being used, even on an encrypted database file, just by looking at byte 20. It is recommended that any product that uses encryption check this byte to make sure it is being set to 4 or 12 or 32 and not 0.

10.0 Security Checklist

When using SEE in an application, it is recommended that you double-check that everything is implemented correctly, and that you are getting strong encryption, by performing the following tests, at a minimum:

  1. Use the SEE-enabled CLI to run the "sqlite3 $DATABASE .dbinfo" command (adding an appropriate -key, -hexkey, or -textkey argument) and verify that your encrypted database files contain a nonce. The nonce should be at least 12 bytes.
  1. Use the SEE-enabled CLI to read an encrypted database, but change the last character of the supplied key by a single character value. Verify that a minor change to the end of the key like this renders the database unreadable. The error message should be "file is not a database". Repeat this test with multiple variations of the key. Confirm that the database is only accessible if the key is exactly correct.
  1. Try to compress an encrypted database file and verify that the file is uncompressible. In other words, run a program like "zip" or "gzip" against the encrypted database and verify that compression does not change the size of the file more than a few bytes smaller.

Limitations

  1. TEMP tables are not encrypted.
  1. In-memory (":memory:") databases are not encrypted.
  1. Bytes 16 through 23 of the database file contain header information which is not encrypted.

11.0 How SEE Works

Each page is encrypted separately. The key to encryption is a combination of the page number, the random nonce (if any) and the database key. The data is encrypted in both the main database and in the rollback journal or WAL file but is unencrypted when held in memory. This means that if an adversary is able to view the memory used by your program, she will be able to see unencrypted data.

The nonce value is changed by a rollback.

The see-aes128-ccm.c variant uses AES in CCM mode with a 16-byte randomly choosen nonce on each page and and 16-byte message authentication code (MAC). Thus with crypto3ccm.c, 32 bytes of every database pages are taken up by encryption and authentication overhead. Consequently, database files created using crypto3ccm.c may be a little larger. Also, because the MAC is computed whenever a page is modified, and verified when a page is read, crypto3ccm.c will often be a little slower. Such is the cost of authentication.

Источник: https://www.sqlite.org/see/doc/trunk/www/readme.wiki

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Far Cry 6 Wiki Guide

This page of the IGN Far Cry 6 guide contains a complete walkthrough of the El Este mission; Room Service.

Room Service

This operation can be picked up from Yelena Morales in the La Moral hideout in Concepcion, El Este.

NOTE: To unlock this Operation, you must have completed Bullet Points.

Reach The Grand Hotel Caballero

Speak to Yelena and she will inform you that one of the members has been caught by Castillo’s top interrogator, and that the member will likely crack under pressure. They need to be rescued before that happens.

They are currently being held at the Gran Hotel Caballero, which is northwest of Concepcion, El Este. Yelena will also mention that a nearby truck is heading to the hotel from the Delivery Yards, if you want to sneak in.

To reach the truck, exit the hideout and walk to the far side of the courtyard, then turn left and duck through the broken wall.

Keep moving straight ahead after you move through, then use the stack of boxes to reach the roof, where you’ll find a zipline.

Take the zipline across the street and keep walking straight ahead to reach the driver and his truck. Hop inside and he’ll close you in and start driving.

After a short while, they’ll stop at a checkpoint, so have your Adobe InDesign 2021 16.2.0.30 Crack+ Activation Code 2021 - Free Activators ready. They’ll ask to open the back of the truck, so take out the guard and hop back inside the truck to continue.

Once you arrive at the hotel, hop out of the truck and your companions will run into the building.

Stop The Interrogation

NOTE: Once the upcoming combat encounter is over, you’ll be back in Concepcion, so pick up any loot you want (including FND Crates) before starting the fight, or at least before killing the final enemy.

There are several ways to get a better look at the area, and scope out some enemy locations, but you can also stop the interrogation incredibly fast several ways.

Being seen by the soldiers stationed here will immediately bring an end to the interrogation and initiate a firefight, but we can get an angle on The Dentist first.

NOTE: There is a key on the lobby reception desk that opens the door right next to it, leading to an FND Crate, and climbing up to the next floor up allows you to read notes that reveal the locations of even more FND Crates. You can also check out our Interactive Map of Yara for more locations, as well as our page which contains the locations of all the FND or Libertad Crates.

Run straight ahead and you’ll see a soldier, facing away from you on the other side of a hallway. Turn left and look up to the roof and you’ll see a grapple point, which leads to an ideal sniping spot.

Once you are on the roof, look down into the pool to find The Dentist and her captive. If you want to make the impending firefight a bit easier, feel free to take out the enemies on the periphery with suppressed rifle rounds.

When you are ready to jump into the action, take The Dentist out with a headshot from a powerful sniping weapon like the Bullseye bow.

With The Dentist dead, the firefight will begin in earnest. Using the Triador Supremo and La Varita is an excellent way to clear out the rest of the enemies in the area, who are all relatively weak, particularly with the assistance of your two companions and your Amigo.

Once they are all dead, the base will be captured for La Moral, bringing an end to the operation and transporting you back to Concepcion.

In This Wiki Guide

Far Cry 6
Far Cry 6 thrusts players into the adrenaline-filled world of a modern-day guerrilla revolution. As dictator of Yara, Anton Castillo is intent on restoring his nation back to its former glory by any means, with his son, Diego, following in his bloody footsteps. Become a guerrilla fighter and burn their regime to the ground.
Источник: https://www.ign.com/wikis/far-cry-6/Room_Service

Product key

Updated: 02/02/2019 by Computer Hope

Alternatively known as an activation code, CD key, license key, product id, registration key, and serial key, a product key is a group of numbers and letters for preventing software piracy. Software that requires a product key cannot be installed on a computer until a valid number is entered.

Note

A product key should not be referred to as a serial number to help prevent confusion with a computer or hardware products serial number.

Microsoft Windows XP product key

Above is an example of the Microsoft Windows XP Home Edition product key. Usually, it is on the side or bottom of an OEM desktop computer. On an OEM laptop, it may be on the bottom of the laptop, or underneath the laptop battery. In this example, the last four sets of letters and numbers are hidden to protect the unique key. After Windows is installed on a computer, it prompts you for an activation key to verify your computer has a legitimate copy of Windows. Below, are the formats of the Microsoft Windows product keys.

Windows 10, 8, 7, Server 2008, Vista, Server 2003, XP, 2000, ME, and 98

Product Key: xxxxx-xxxxx-xxxxx-xxxxx-xxxxx

Windows 95 and NT

Product Key: xxxxx-xxx-xxxxxxx-xxxxx

Where do I find the CD key, product key, or unique number?

Microsoft Windows product key

For computers, if you have an OEM PC (e.g., Dell or Hewlett-Packard), the Windows product key is found on the side or bottom of the computer.

Windows 10 upgrade users

If you have installed the free Windows 10 upgrade, the unique key is associated with your Microsoft account and can be re-activated after reinstalling Windows 10.

Software product keys

If you are looking for your program CD key, it's found on the CD sleeve, jewel box, or the printed documentation included with the disc.

Activate, COA, Code, Keygen, PID, Security terms, WPA

Источник: https://www.computerhope.com/jargon/c/cdkey.htm

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Источник: https://www.softperfect.com/download/

Problems with your phone? Here are the most common causes

YOUR SMARTPHONE IS an incredibly advanced and powerful device, but it’s also expensive and fragile. It can end up freezing or slowing down, and in other cases, it can break for a variety of reasons.

You can take a few measures to ensure this doesn’t happen and even if it does, all is not lost.

Your phone slows down/freezes

Cause: A few things. The most common cause is an unresponsive app which is taking up more memory Drive SnapShot 1.48.0.18856 + Keygen [Latest Version] expected. Another possible reason is the age of your phone’s hardware. The older it is, the more likely it will slow down as it copes with more advanced OS and apps.

Ways to help: There are a few things you can do. If an app is the cause of the problem, closing it – bringing up recents apps by double pressing the home button or pressing recents button – can help free up some memory.

Clearing your phone’s cache and memory data can also help.

If your phone is practically unusable, Android devices have a safe mode option – hold down the power button and then hold down on turn off phone when it appears on screen – which can help you remove any apps that are causing it.

If that doesn’t work, force-reset your phone by holding down the power button and home button/volume up button.

In the worst case scenario, you could perform a factory reset which will restore your phone to its original settings, but make sure you have your data backed up first before progressing.

How to prevent: No technology is perfect and even new devices might end up freezing every now and again. The only thing is to keep an eye on is if one specific app or a few are causing the problem – removing them or other unimportant apps can help matters.

TEC-Digital Life-Gift Guide-Cheaper Android Phones Source: Richard Drew/Press Association Images

Your screen is cracked

Cause: As it may imply, dropping it or hitting it against an object can cause the screen to crack. How bad the damage is dependent on things like force, height dropped and other factors.

Not only is a cracked screen annoying to look at, it also allows dust to get in, making it even harder to see what’s happening on screen.

Ways to help: Assuming the crack is enough to affect your usage of it, you will have to get it repaired.

While you could attempt to repair it yourself - there are detailed guides like iFixIt that you can rely on - it’s only recommended if you know what you’re doing. Bring it to a repair shop but make sure it’s password protected before you hand it over.

If it’s not a state of the art phone, you could just use an older or different phone for the time being. Asking friends or family members to loan one for a few weeks (or indefinitely) is always worth a shot. Just remember that you may need to unlock it as most phones are tied down to one network.

Worst case scenario, you could just buy a new phone or get an upgrade if you’re eligible.

How to prevent: Apart from the obvious advice of “don’t drop it”, buying a protective case with a raised lip can help matters. An extra layer of protection will make it bulkier so make sure it’s a cover you can properly grip.

Screen protectors can also be useful if your main concern is scratches, but they won’t protect it if you drop it from a height. If you put it in your pocket, don’t put it with your keys or other objects that could leave scratches.

Also, using common sense helps. Make sure you always have a firm grip when using it, don’t place it in your back pocket as you will likely forget it when you sit down.

Apple-Banged-Up Phones Source: Ben Margot/Press Association Images

You dropped your phone cacher - Crack Key For U water 

Cause: You accidentally dropped it into the sink, bath, toilet, orglass of water. More devices may now boast water resistance but they’re not quite commonplace yet.

Ways to help: The first thing to do is to take it out as quickly as possible and turn it off. Keeping it on will cause it to short circuit, which will require you to get a new phone. Take out any removable features – SIM, battery, SD card – and wipe away any water on the surface with kitchen towel.

From there, you have a few options. Most people say putting it in dry, uncooked rice – a trick older than the Nokia 3210 – and leaving it there for 24 hours is the best way, but in fact uncooked rice is bad at absorbing moisture.

Instead, go for silica gel – the tiny packets you find in packaged goods like shoes, or electronics, – which can absorb moisture. It’s worth mentioning that some types of cat litter use silica gel but check first before buying.

If you don’t have that, the next best option is to leave it sitting in an open space like a table or counter top and let it dry naturally. Leave it for a few days before turning it on.

Just be aware that even if you take all of these measures, it may not save your phone or it could begin to malfunction a few days later. If so, you may have to replace it.

How to prevent: More smartphones are adding water resistance to the list of features they offer so always check for that first. Regardless of what a maker claims, you should always look for the IP rating of a phone so you know how resistant it is.

If you don’t have that, you can start prepping for such a situation by hoarding silica gel packets. Put them into an air-tight container so the next time you have a wet phone, you can drop it in and let it dry for a few days.

TEC-Samsung-Water-Resistant Phone Source: Richard Drew/Press Association Images

There are scratches on your camera lens

Cause: Much like a screen, you notice scratches on your camera lens. Alternatively, you could notice tiny dots on any image you take.

Ways to help: Much like your screen, tiny scratches aren’t the end of the world. In fact, it’s unlikely faint scratches will affect the quality of your photo. The reason for that is because your image sensor is the important part of your phone’s camera, not the lens. For normal scenes where nothing is in focus, it’s unlikely you would notice them unless you narrow your aperture (focusing on an object by blurring the background).

If you see tiny dots on your images, that is dust on your image sensor. Unlike scratches, this would be more noticeable when you narrow your camera’s aperture and would be most apparent in bright skies.

If it’s really bad, you can get the camera lens replaced but for the majority of cases, you can continue shooting like normal. Take a few photos in different lighting conditions to check and see how noticeable the effects are.

How to prevent: The same principles you use to avoid scratches on your screen apply here. Keep it away from sharper objects like keys, use a case if you’re prone to dropping it and always make sure you’re holding it correctly.

Arsenal v Chelsea - Barclays Premier League - Emirates Stadium Source: Mike Egerton/EMPICS Sport

Your phone is lost/has been stolen

Cause: You misplaced it or it was pick-pocketed or stolen. Either way, you’re without a phone.

Ways to help: If you’ve lost it, then Find my Phone is the best thing to do. Not only will it give you the general location, but you can ring it or wipe out data remotely.

If you feel it’s been stolen, then Find my Phone might not be of much use to you as an app might not be seen as sufficient evidence to get a search warrant.

How to prevent: Activating Find my Phone is the first step you should take. Even if you can’t recover it, you can still remove all data from your phone remotely. Also ringing it can alert other people to its presence so you can find it.

Read: Irish scientists mix silly putty with graphene to create ultra-sensitive health sensors >

Read: Text messages are on the way out – but we’re eating up huge amounts of data >

Источник: https://www.thejournal.ie/phone-problems-solutions-3129842-Jan2017/

How To Compile And Use SEE

1.0 Introduction

This file describes the SQLite Encryption Extension (SEE) for SQLite. The SEE allows SQLite to read and write encrypted database files. All database content, including the metadata, is encrypted so that to an outside observer the database appears to be white noise.

A version of SQLite that includes SEE is also able to read and write normal database files created with a public domain version of SQLite. But the public version of SQLite will not be able to read or write an encrypted database file. Indeed, no version of any known software will be able to access an encrypted database file without knowing the encryption key.

The SEE is actually a set of extensions employing various encryption algorithms. The following encryption algorithms are currently supported:

  • AES-256 in OFB mode (recommended for all new development)
  • AES-128 in OFB mode
  • AES-128 in CCM mode
  • RC4 with security enhancements (legacy only)

2.0 License

The core SQLite library is in the public domain. However, the extensions needed to read and write an encrypted database file are licensed software. You should only be able to see this software if you have a license.

Your license is perpetual. You have paid a one-time fee that allows you to use and modify the software forever. You can ship as many copied of the software to your customers as you want so long as you ensure that only compiled binaries are shipped (you cannot distribute source code) and that your customers cannot make additional copies of the software to use for other purposes.

You can create multiple products that use this software as long as all products are developed and maintained by the same team. For the purposes of this paragraph, a "team" is a work unit where everybody knows each others names. If you are in a large company where this product is used by multiple teams, then each team should acquire their own separate license, or an enterprise license.

3.0 How To Compile

Your application sees SEE as a single large file of C-code that is a drop-in replacement for the SQLite amalgamation. The SEE source-code file works and compiles just like the public-domain "sqlite3.c" amalgamation. If you already build your application using the public-domain "sqlite3.c" file, then to build using SEE you merely replace the public-domain "sqlite3.c" with an SEE-enabled "sqlite3.c" file and recompile.

There are nine different SEE-enabled "sqlite3.c" files to choose from:

  1. sqlite3-see-aes256-openssl.c
  2. sqlite3-see-aes256-cryptoapi.c
  3. sqlite3-see-aes256-ofb.c
  4. sqlite3-see-cccrypt.c
  5. sqlite3-see-aes128-ofb.c
  6. sqlite3-see-aes128-ccm.c
  7. sqlite3-see.c
  8. sqlite3-rc4.c
  9. sqlite3-xor.c

The recommended procedure for adding SEE into your application is to copy one of these files into your application source tree, renaming it as "sqlite3.c" and overwriting the public-domain "sqlite3.c" source file, then recompile. After recompiling, your application should continue working exactly as it did before, reading and writing ordinary unencrypted SQLite databases. Once you have recompiled and verified that everything still works, then go back in and add a PRAGMA (described below) that activates encryption to your application code, and you are done.

3.1 Source Code Files In The SEE Distribution

The following are the source-code files used to implement the SQLite Encryption Extension:

sqlite3-see-aes256-openssl.c

This file is a drop-in replacement for the public-domain "sqlite3.c" file, adding support for encryption using the AES-256 in OFB mode by linking against the external OpenSSL library.

sqlite3-see-cryptoapi.c

This file is a drop-in replacement for the public-domain "sqlite3.c" source file, adding encryption capabilities using the AES256 in OFB mode using the CryptoAPI native interface on Windows.

sqlite3-see-aes256-ofb.c

This file is a drop-in replacement for the public-domain "sqlite3.c" file, adding support for encryption using the AES-256 in OFB mode using a built-in copy of the Rijndaal reference implementation.

sqlite3-see-cccrypt.c

This file is a drop-in replacement for the public-domain "sqlite3.c" filef, adding support for the AES-128 and AES-256 encryption algorithms, in OFB mode, iC3D Suite Serial key the external CCCrypt encryption. CCCrypt is the default encryption library on MacOS and iOS, and so this implementation of SEE is recommended for those platforms.

The see-ccrypt.c module normally only does AES128 encryption. However, when see-cccrypt is compiled with -DCCCRYPT256, it will use AES256 if and only if the key is exactly 32 bytes long.

sqlite3-see-aes128-ofb.c

This file is a drop-in replacement for the public-domain "sqlite3.c" file. This replacement adds support for the AES-128 encryption algorithm in OFB mode using the Rijndaal reference implementation.

sqlite3-see-aes128-ccm.c

This file is a drop-in replacement for the public-domain "sqlite3.c" file. This replacement adds support for the AES-128 encryption algorithm in CCM mode. CCM mode includes a message authentication code which provides authentication in addition to confidentiality. This uses the Rijndaal reference implementation for AES.

sqlite3-see-rc4.c

This file is a drop-in replacement for the public-domain "sqlite3.c" file, adding support for encryption using the RC4 algorithm. RC4 is no longer considered secure. You should not use this implementation of SEE. It is provided for historical compatibility only.

sqlite3-see.c

This file is a drop-in replacement for the public-domain "sqlite3.c" source file, adding support for encryption using any of the RC4, AES128-OFB, or AES258-OFB algorithms. The algorithm used is based on a prefix to the encryption key. If the key material begins with "rc4:" then RC4 encryption is cacher - Crack Key For U. If the key material begins with "aes128:" then AES128-OFB is used. If the key material begins with "aes256:" then AES256-OFB is used. If none of these three valid prefixes appear on the key, then AES128-OFB is the default algorithm. A valid prefix is removed from the key prior to being passed on to the encryption algorithm.

sqlite3-see-xor.c

cacher - Crack Key For U This file is a drop-in replacement for the public-domain "sqlite3.c" source file, adding pseudo-encryption which does nothing more than XOR the database against a repeated copy of the encryption key. This variant of SEE does not provide true encryption. It is for demonstration use only, or for use in cases where it is desirable to obfuscate a database file without actually encrypting it, perhaps due to legal constraints.

sqlite3.c

A copy of ordinary, unencrypted SQLite that contains additional hooks needed to add encryption. The other encrypted SQLite modules above are all copies of this file with additional code prepended and appended to do the encryption work. This file is provided for reference only and is probably not useful for development.

sqlite3.h

This file contains the interface definitions for SQLite. Other programs that link against SQLite will need this file, and you will need this file in order to compile the CLI, but you do not need this file to compile SQLite itself.

shell.c

This file contains source code for the "CLI", the Command Line Interface program named "sqlite3.exe" that you can use to access and control SQLite database files. This file is different from the "shell.c" file that comes with the public-domain version of SQLite. This shell.c has been enhanced to make use of the encryption extension.

3.2 Building And Compiling The SEE Code

To compile SEE into a static library, select an appropriate "sqlite3-see-*.c" source file (containing the algorithm and implementation you desire), then compile that file just like you would compile an ordinary public-domain "sqlite3.c" source file. On unix systems, the command sequence would be something like this:

gcc -c sqlite3-see-aes256-ofb.c ar a sqlite3-see-aes256-ofb.a sqlite3-see-aes256-ofb.o

On windows, the commands are more like this:

cl -c sqlite3-see-aes256-ofb.c lib /out:libsee.lib sqlite3-see-aes256-ofb.obj

3.3 Building A Shared-Library Or DLL

We encourage you to statically link SQLite against your application. However, if you must use SQLite as a separate DLL or shared library, you can compile as follows on Linux:

gcc -fPIC -shared -o libsee.so sqlite3-see-aes256-ofb.c

Or on Windows:

cl -DSQLITE_API=__declspec(dllexport) sqlite3-see-aes256-ofb.c /link /dll /out:libsee.dll

3.4 Building The Command-Line Shell Program

To compile the CLI, just hand the shell.c source file to your C compiler together with either the static library prepared above, or the original source code files. A typical command on Linux is:

gcc -o sqlite3 shell.c sqlite3-see-aes256-ofb.c -lpthread -ldl

On a Mac:

gcc -o sqlite3 shell.c sqlite3-see-aes256-ofb.c -ldl

On Windows with MSVC:

cl /Fesqlite3.exe shell.c sqlite3-see-aes256-ofb.c

For an added performance boost when building the CLI, consider adding the -DSQLITE_THREADSAFE=0 option. The CLI is single threaded and SQLite runs faster if it doesn't have to use its mutexes.

SEE can also PDF Architect Pro Crack built for Windows Phone 8, UWP 10, and Android.

4.0 Command-Line Usage

The CLI is the same CLI used by public-domain SQLite though with enhancements to support encryption. There are new command-line options ("-key", "-hexkey", and "-textkey") for specifying the encryption key. Examples:

sqlite3 -key secret database.db sqlite3 -hexkey 736563726574 database.db sqlite3 -textkey secret2 database.db

If the key is omitted or is an empty string no encryption is performed.

There are three different key formats. The first format (-key) takes the key string and repeats it over and over until it exceeds the number of bytes in the key of the underlying algorithm (16 bytes for AES128, 32 bytes for AES256, or 256 bytes for RC4). It then truncates the result to the algorithm key size. That approach cacher - Crack Key For U the key space since it does not allow 0x00 bytes in the key. The second format (-hexkey) accepts the key as hexadecimal, so any key can be represented. If the provided key is too long it is truncated. If the provided key is too shorted, it is repeated to fill it out to the algorithm key length. The third format (-textkey) computes a strong hash on the input key material and uses that hash to key the algorithm. The -textkey format is recommended for new applications.

4.1 Changing the encryption key

The SEE-enabled CLI also includes new dot-commands ".rekey", ".hex-rekey", and ".text-rekey" for changing the encryption key:

.rekey OLD NEW NEW .hex-rekey OLD NEW NEW .text-rekey OLD NEW NEW

The first argument is always the old password, in exactly the format as it cacher - Crack Key For U supplied to the "-key", "-hexkey", or "-textkey" options when the command-line tool was started. If the the database was previously unencrypted, use an empty string "" as the key. The 2nd and 3rd arguments are the new encryption key. You must enter the new key twice to check for typos - the rekey will not occur unless both instances of the new key are the same. To encrypt a previously unencrypted database, do this:

.rekey "" new-key new-key VACUUM

The VACUUM step is not required to enable encryption but it is highly recommended. The VACUUM command ensures that every page of the database file has a secure nonce. The VACUUM is only needed when an existing, non-empty database file is encrypted for the first time.

To decrypt a database do this:

.rekey old-key "" ""

The .rekey command only works with text keys. To rekey a database that contains a binary key use the ".hex-rekey" command instead. The .hex-rekey command works just like .rekey except the new key is entered as hexadecimal instead of text. The ".text-rekey" command computes a hash of the NEW argument and uses that hash as the encryption key.

5.0 C Interface

If you deploy the SQLite encryption extension as a DLL or shared library then you must first activate the library by invoking:

sqlite3_activate_see("7bb07b8d471d642e");

The argument is your product activation key. The activation key is available as plain-text in the source code so you can clearly see what it is. The purpose of the activation key is to prevent one of your customers from extracting the SQLite library and using it separately from your application. Without knowledge of the activation key, which only you should know, your users will be unable to access the encryption features.

If you are unable to invoke the C-interface to sqlite3_activate_see() (perhaps because you are accessing SQLite through a wrapper layer) then you can also alternatively activate the encryption features using a PRAGMA:

PRAGMA activate_extensions='see-7bb07b8d471d642e';

Use the sqlite3_open() API to open an encrypted database or any database that you want to rekey. Immediately after opening, specify the key using sqlite3_key_v2():

int sqlite3_key_v2( sqlite3 *db, /* The connection from sqlite3_open() */ const char *zDbName, /* Which ATTACHed database to key */ const void *pKey, /* The key */ int nKey /* Number of bytes in the key */ );

If the pKey argument is NULL or nKey is 0, then the database is assumed to be unencrypted. The nKey parameter can be arbitrarily large, though adguard trial reset the first 256 bytes (RC4) or 16 bytes (AES128) or 32 bytes (AES256) will be used. In SEE versions 3.15.0 and later, if nKey is negative, then pKey is assumed to be a zero-terminated passphrase string. In that case the passphrase is hashed and the hash is used as the key to AES algorithm. The passphrase itself is used as the key for RC4.

CAUTION: The feature of using a passphrase hash when nKey<0 was added in version 3.15.0. If you use nKey<0 in any SEE version prior to 3.15.0, encryption will be silently disabled, just as if you had set nKey=0.

The see-ccrypt.c module uses AES128 encryption by default. However, if see-ccrypt.c is compiled with -DCCCRYPT256 and if the sqlite3_key_v2() interface is called with nKey==32, then AES256 encryption is used instead.

If you specify an incorrect key, you will not get an error message right away. But the first time you try to access the database you will get an SQLITE_NOTADB error with a message of "file is encrypted or is not a database".

The zDbName parameter specifies which ATTACH-ed database should get the key. Usually this is "main". You can pass in a NULL pointer as an alias for "main". Unless you have a good reason to do otherwise, it is best to pass in a NULL pointer for the zDbName parameter.

You can change the key on a database using the sqlite3_rekey() routine:

int sqlite3_rekey_v2( sqlite *db, /* Database to be rekeyed */ const char *zDbName, /* Which ATTACHed database to rekey */ const void *pKey, int cacher - Crack Key For U /* The new key */ );

A NULL key decrypts the database.

Rekeying requires that every page of the database file be read, decrypted, reencrypted with the new key, then written out again. Consequently, rekeying can take a long time on a larger database.

Most SEE variants allow you to encrypt an existing database that was created using the public domain version of SQLite. This is not possible when using the authenticating version of the encryption extension in see-aes128-ccm.c. If you do encrypt a database that was created with the public domain version of SQLite, no nonce will be used and the file will be vulnerable to a chosen-plaintext attach. If you call sqlite3_key_v2() immediately after sqlite3_open() when you are first creating the database, space will be reserved in the database for a nonce and the encryption will be much stronger. If you do not want to encrypt right away, call sqlite3_key_v2() anyway, with a NULL key, and the space for the nonce will be reserved in the database even though no encryption is done initially.

A public domain version of the SQLite library can read and write an encrypted database with a NULL key. You only need the encryption extension if the key is non-NULL.

6.0 Using the "key" PRAGMA

As an alternative to calling sqlite3_key_v2() to set the decryption key for a database, you can invoke a pragma:

PRAGMA key='your-secret-key';

You must invoke this pragma before trying to do any other interaction with the database. The key pragma only works with string keys. If you use a binary key, use the hexkey pragma instead:

PRAGMA hexkey='796f75722d7365637265742d6b6579';

For the equivalent of the --textkey option, in which the text passphrase is hashed to compute the actual encryption key, use:

PRAGMA textkey='your-secret-key';

Use the rekey, hexrekey, or textrekey pragmas to change the key. So, for example, to change the key to 'demo2' use one of:

PRAGMA rekey='demo2'; PRAGMA hexrekey='64656d6f32'; PRAGMA textrekey='long-passphrase';

Through the use of these pragmas, it is never necessary to directly invoke the sqlite3_key_v2() or sqlite3_rekey_v2() interfaces. This means that SEE can be used with language wrappers that do not know about those interfaces.

The "key", "hexkey", and "textkey" PRAGMA statements expect the same key strings as the "-key", "-hexkey", and "-textkey" arguments to the command-line shell, respectively.

The key PRAGMAs will return a string "ok" if they successfully load an encryption key into SEE. If you invoke one of these pragmas on a system that does not support encryption, or if the key loading operation fails for any reason, then nothing is returned. Note that the "ok" string is returned when any key is loaded, not necessarily the correct key. The only way to determine if the key is correct is to try to read from the database file. An incorrect key will result in a read error.

7.0 Using The ATTACH Command

The key for an attached database is specified using the KEY clause at the end of the ATTACH statement. Like this:

ATTACH DATABASE 'file2.db' AS two KEY 'xyzzy';

If the KEY clause is omitted, cacher - Crack Key For U same key is used that is currently in use by the main database. If the attached database is not encrypted, specify an empty string as the key. The argument to the KEY keyword can be BLOB constant. For example:

ATTACH DATABASE 'file2.db' AS two KEY X'78797a7a79';

Using text as the KEY on an ATTACH statement expects the same key as one would provide to the "-key" option of the command-line shell. A BLOB value for KEY is means to use the same key as would have been provided by the "-hexkey" option to the command-line shell. There is no mechanism for specifying a passphrase to be hashed on an ATTACH statement. If you are using a hashed key, you must compute the hash yourself and supply it as a BLOB.

8.0 Key Material

The amount of key material actually used by the encryption extension depends on which variant of SEE you are using. With see-rc4.c, the first 256 byte of key are used. With the see-aes128-ofb and and see-aes128-ccm variants, the first 16 bytes of the key are used. With see-aes256-ofb, the first 32 bytes of key are used.

If you specify a key that is shorter than the maximum key length, then the key material is repeated as many times as necessary to complete the key. If you specify a key that is larger than the maximum key length, then the excess key material is silently ignored.

For the "-textkey" option, up to 256 bytes of the passphrase are hashed using RC4 and the hash value becomes the encryption key. Note that in this context the RC4 algorithm is being used as a hash function, not as a cryptographic function, so the fact that RC4 is a cryptographically weak algorithm is irrelevant.

8.1 Encryption algorithm selection using a key prefix

For the "sqlite3-see.c" SEE variant, the key may begin with a prefix to specify which algorithm to use. The prefix must be exactly one of "rc4:", "aes128:", or "aes256:". The prefix is not used as part of the key sent into the encryption algorithm. So the real key should begin on the first byte after the prefix. Take note of the following important details:

  • The prefix is case sensitive. "aes256:" is a valid prefix but "AES256:" is not.

  • If the key prefix is omitted or misspelled, then the encryption algorithm defaults to "aes128" and the misspelled prefix becomes part of the key.

  • The encryption algorithm can be changed using the sqlite3_rekey_v2() interface or the .rekey command-line. For example, to convert a legacy RC4-encrypted database to use AES-256, enter:

    .rekey rc4:mykey aes256:mykey aes256:mykey
  • The algorithm prefix strings work on the "sqlite-see.c" variant of SEE only. For any of SEE implementations, any prefix on the key is interpreted as part of the key.

  • The nKey parameter on sqlite3_key() and sqlite3_key_v2() must include the size of the prefix in addition to the size of the key.

  • When using PRAGMA hexkey or PRAGMA hexrekey, the key prefix must be hex encoded just like the rest of the key.

    PRAGMA hexkey='aes128:6d796b6579'; -- Wrong!! PRAGMA hexkey='6165733132383a6d796b6579'; -- correct

9.0 The Importance of a Nonce

The encryption is much more secure if it has a random nonce value on each page of the database. Without a nonce, the encryption can be broken using a chosen-plaintext attack. Purists will argue (rightly) that the encryption is weak without a nonce.

The number of bytes of nonce on each page of the database is determined by byte 20 of the database file. This value is set to zero by default in databases created by the public-domain version of SQLite. You can change this byte to a positive value by running the VACUUM command using an SEE-enabled version of SQLite.

You can check the size of the nonce for a database by using the ".dbinfo" command in an ordinary sqlite3.exe command-line shell program. The output of the ".dbinfo" command will look something like this:

database page size: 4096 write format: 1 read format: 1 reserved bytes: 12 ← Nonce size file change counter: 3504448735 database page count: 14190 freelist page count: 0 schema cookie: 107 schema format: 4 default cache size: 0 autovacuum top root: 0 incremental vacuum: 0 text encoding: 1 (utf8) user version: 0 application id: 0 software version: 3008008 number of tables: 53 number of indexes: 53 number of triggers: 0 number of views: 0 schema size: 14257

Bytes 16 through 23 of the database are unencrypted. Thus, you can always check to see how much nonce is being used, even on an encrypted database file, just by looking at byte 20. It is recommended that any product that uses encryption check this byte to make sure it is being set to 4 or 12 or 32 and not 0.

10.0 Security Checklist

When using SEE in an application, it is recommended that you double-check that everything is implemented correctly, and that you are getting strong encryption, by performing the following tests, at a minimum:

  1. Use the SEE-enabled CLI to run the "sqlite3 $DATABASE .dbinfo" command (adding an appropriate -key, -hexkey, or -textkey argument) and verify that your encrypted database files contain a nonce. The nonce should be at least 12 bytes.
  1. Use the SEE-enabled CLI to read an encrypted database, but change the last character of the supplied key by a single character value. Verify that a minor change to the end of the key like this renders the database unreadable. The error message should be "file is not a database". Repeat this test with multiple variations of the key. Confirm that the database is only accessible if the key is exactly correct.
  1. Try to compress an encrypted database file and verify that the file is uncompressible. In other words, run a program like "zip" or "gzip" against the encrypted database and verify that compression does not change the size of the file more than a few bytes smaller.

Limitations

  1. TEMP tables are not encrypted.
  1. In-memory (":memory:") databases are not encrypted.
  1. Bytes 16 through 23 of the database file contain header information which is not encrypted.

11.0 How SEE Works

Each page is encrypted separately. The key to encryption is a combination of the page number, the random nonce (if any) and the database key. The data is encrypted in both the main database and in the rollback journal or WAL file but is unencrypted when held in memory. This means that if an adversary is able to view the memory used by your program, she will be able to see unencrypted data.

The nonce value is changed by a rollback.

The see-aes128-ccm.c variant uses AES in CCM mode with a 16-byte randomly choosen nonce on each page and and 16-byte message authentication code (MAC). Thus with crypto3ccm.c, 32 bytes of every database pages are taken up by encryption and authentication overhead. Consequently, database files created using crypto3ccm.c may be a little larger. Also, because the MAC is computed whenever a page is modified, and verified when a page is read, crypto3ccm.c will often be a little slower. Such is the cost of authentication.

Источник: https://www.sqlite.org/see/doc/trunk/www/readme.wiki

Tips to protect against Online Fraud and Phishing Variations  

  • Be suspicious of any e-mail or text message containing urgent requests for personal or financial information (SBI and most other financial institutions and credit card companies normally will not use e-mail to confirm an existing client's information).
  • Contact the organization by using a telephone number from a credible source such as a phone book or a bill.
  • Always look out for the padlockPadlock and the URL address as https://www.onlinesbi.com/retail/login.htm when you log onto onlineSBI and https://m.onlinesbi.com/mretail/login.htm, when you log onto Mobile OnlineSBI
  • To be absolutely sure, type www.onlinesbi.com or https://m.onlinesbi.com in the browser address bar.
  • If you receive an email claiming to be from STATE BANK OF INDIA that appears to be suspicious, do not click on any links it provides or reply to it – simply delete it.
  • Avoid embedded links in an e-mail claiming to bring you to a secure site.
  • Never disclose via text message any personal information, including account numbers, passwords, or any combination of sensitive information that could be used fraudulently. Use caution if you receive a text message expressing an urgent need for you to update your information, activate an account, or verify your identity by calling a phone number or submitting information on a web site. These messages may be part of a phishing scam conducted by fraudsters to capture your confidential account information and commit fraud.
  • Get in the habit of looking at a website’s address line and verify if it displays something different from the address mentioned in the email.
  • Regularly update your computer protection with anti-virus software, spyware filters, e-mail filters and firewall programs.
  • As a general rule, be suspicious when receiving any unsolicited incoming communication/phone call asking your personal or financial information or asking to update them on a site. Contact your Bank directly through official channels available to verify authenticity of those calls.

Do not share any confidential information through suspicious emails, websites, social media networks, text messages or phone calls.

  • Use a current web browser. View a current list of SBI’s supported browsers.
  • Your online banking username or password should not be the same as other online accounts.
  • Regularly check you bank, credit and debit card statements to ensure that all transactions are legitimate.

Report It

If you receive one of these suspicious e-mails:

Report it to report.phishing@sbi.co.in or the institution that it appears to be from.

If you received one of these suspicious e-mails and you unwittingly provided personal information or financial information, follow these steps:

  • Step 1 - Contact your bank/financial institution or credit card company.
  • Step 2 - Contact your local police.
  • Step 3 - Always report phishing. If you have responded to one of these suspicious e-mails, report it to report.phishing@sbi.co.in

Protecting You Online

At STATE BANK OF INDIA we use the highest industry standard for security. And we constantly review it to counter any new security threats.

Here are some of the steps we take to protect you while you’re banking online.

When you login:

  • Access to your accounts is controlled by your unique username and password.
  • Your access is suspended after three invalid login attempts.
  • We show you the date and time of your last login so you know that no one else has accessed your accounts.

While you're banking online:

  • We have 128-bit SSL encryption to keep your information secure. This basically means your information travels over the internet as a sophisticated code that only we can unscramble.
  • "High Security" provides you with an extra layer of protection when making payments online, adding third parties etc. This One Time based SMS password validates your identity and processes a transaction through.
  • Each of our secure websites has a SSL Extended Validation certificate issued by VeriSign to let you know that the website is genuine and secure.
  • ONLINESBI and MOBILE ONLINESBI also has an Extended Validation (EV) SSL Certificate. This means that if you're using
    Internet Explorer 7, your address bar will turn green when you visit our sites. It makes it easy for you to be sure you cacher - Crack Key For U on the genuine OnlineSBI website.
  • For information on SSL certificates visit the Verisign website or to find out more about EV Certificates visit Microsoft's website.

When you're finished:

  • You are automatically signed off from your account if it's inactive for a set period of time.
  • All pages you visit in our online banking websites are automatically removed from your browsers cache after you have logged off. This removes the opportunity for later users of that computer to view your personal or account details by, for example, selecting the browser back button or searching the contents of the computer's hard-drive.

Security experts at SBI behind the scenes

  • Our dedicated security team investigates new technologies, monitors activity and responds promptly to any emerging security issues.
  • We regularly use reputable independent consultants to audit the security of all our systems.
  • Regular intense security drilling carried out as part of our efforts to look into any possible security concern and immediately address them.

Safe Online Banking

Select a suitable password.

  • Unique Characters: An acceptable password must have at least eight (8) different characters. Repeated characters can make for palindromes and make it easier to crack.
  • Character Types: An acceptable password must have characters from at least three (3) different character types -- upper case, lower case, digits, punctuation, etc. A password that includes a sample from a rich character set is difficult to crack.
  • Long Alpha Sequences: An acceptable password must not have an alphabetic sequence any longer than three (3) characters.
  • Long Digit Sequences: An acceptable password must not have a digit sequence any longer than two (2) characters.
  • Forbidden Characters: There are a few characters that will cause problems if used in a password - the "delete" character is one of the obvious ones.
  • Passwords should not be any of the following:
    • Dictionary words (including foreign and technical dictionaries)
    • Name of a person or a thing, a place, a proper noun, a phone number or a vehicle number
    • Simple pattern of letters on keyboards
    • Any of the above reversed or concatenated
  • One possible method for picking a good password is to make up your own acronym.

Always protect your password

  • Sharing passwords is a security risk.
  • Do not divulge your password to anyone.
  • Enter your user-id and password only in the space provided for- that you are normally used to.
  • Any changes from normal make sure there is no attempt to steal your personal information before providing it.
  • Do not provide user-id and passwords on any page that appears as a popup when you click on a hyperlink received through email. Better practice would be to log on to the service by typing in the URL in the address bar after making sure the page opening up is from the genuine service provider.
  • Do not store passwords in a file on ANY computer system (including Palm Pilots or similar devices) without encryption.
  • Change passwords at least once every 90 (ninety) days.
  • Do not let your computer remember your password. Do not accept auto complete option provided by your computer/ browser.
  • As far as possible do not use un-trusted system to access a sensitive service. If you must, change the password on the first occasion immediately thereafter from a trusted system

Enable our SMS based One Time Password

  • Enable high security in the "Profile" section. This is a second factor authentication for doing various transactions like adding third party, third party transfer etc. securely.

Remember to logout

  • Ensure to log out when you are done with our online banking services by clicking on "logout". Then close the browser window.

Check that the website is secure

  • Keep your eyes on the URL address bar and type the address as www.onlinesbi.com or m.onlinesbi.com to visit OnlineSBI /Mobile OnlineSBI from your browser.
  • On the login page, you will see a pad lock somewhere on the browser window (mostly in the end of the address bar or on the right hand down corner in a locked in position indicating that the website you are visiting is genuine and your communication with us (OnlineSBI) is high grade encrypted. Click on the padlock to view the security certificate.
  • Look out for URL address on the address bar of your internet browser begins with "https"; the letter cacher - Crack Key For U at the end of "https" means 'secured'.

Be careful with emails

  • Never download attachments or click on embedded links on emails from unknown sources. Be Suspicious of emails that seek your personal or financial information.
  • Check the validity of the emails claiming to be purported from a financial institution by contacting the organization in person or by phone or through secured mail box.
SBI never sends email /SMS or makes phone calls for getting customer information. Please report immediately report.phishing@sbi.co.inif you receive any e-mail purported to be originated by SBI to gather your Username or Password or any other personal information.

Secure your computer

  • Use a personal firewall.
  • Install antivirus software and keep it updated with the latest signatures.
  • Get antispyware software.
  • Regularly update your OS
  • Beware of public or shared computers.

Features for Safe Online Banking

OnlineSBI provides several inbuilt features for safe and secure banking. You can use the security options in the profile tab to:

Customize your Personal Profile

You can set your display name, mobile number and email ID in your personal profile. The display name is used in the Welcome message.

Manage Third Party

You can define your own trusted third parties to whom you wish to transfer funds. You can also add, delete or modify your list of trusted third parties.

Define Limits

You can set limits for demand draft and third party transfers, in the profile section. It is advisable to set a lower limit. You can enhance the limit as and when required.

Enable High Security

SMS based high security is an additional layer of security provided for your transactions. It is recommended that you enable this feature, in the profile section. Whenever you transfer funds to own or third party accounts, issue a demand draft cacher - Crack Key For U credit funds to a PPF account you will receive a high security password by SMS. You need to use this password to complete the transaction.

Types of Online Fraud and Phishing Variations

Phishing Email and Fraudulent websites

Phishing is a general cacher - Crack Key For U for e-mails, text messages and websites fabricated and sent by criminals and designed to look like they come from well-known and trusted businesses, financial institutions and government agencies in an attempt to collect personal, financial and sensitive information. It’s also known as brand spoofing. If you should ever receive an email that appears to be suspicious, do not reply to it or click on the link it provides. Simply delete it. To report a suspicious email that uses SBI’s name, you can report to us immediately at report.phishing@sbi.co.in. You can read more about Phishing here.

Popup windows/advertisements

Pop-ups are the advertisements that "pop up" in a separate browser window. When you click on some of these pop-ups, it's possible that you're also downloading "spyware" or "adware."

Vishing

Vishing is the criminal practice of using social engineering and Voice over IP (VoIP) to gain access to private, personal and financial information from the public for the purpose of financial reward. The term is a combination of "voice" and phishing.

Scammers randomly dial phone numbers using an automated system or a real human being pretending they are calling on behalf of Bank/financial company asking you to update information regarding your, bank accounts, Card details etc. because there is a problem on your account or they may also say that they have made some upgrades into their system.

Smishing

Smishing is a form of criminal activity using social engineering techniques similar to phishing. Smishing victims receive SMS messages. Known as "smishing," these text messages might ask a recipient to register for an online service -- then try to sneak a virus onto the users' device. Some messages warn that the consumer will be charged unless he/she updates his/her personal or financial credentials in a Web site that then extracts such information and other private data.

Key logging

Unwanted Key-Logging software can record everything that is typed on a computer and send the information to an outside party. Key-Logging "Spyware" or "Adware" often infects a computer via a virus attached to an e-mail or other type of download.

Источник: https://www.onlinesbi.com/personal/safe_online_banking.html

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